Many of the people of the North, are aboriginal. These people are of Inuit or Dene descent. The Inuit speak Inuktitut. The Dene are made up of several groups that include Chipewyan, Dogrib, Slavey and Nahanni.

When European people first came to the North, they brought goods which made Native and Inuit life a bit easier. However, they also brought sickness, diseases, guns and changes to the lifestyle of the northern peoples.